This is a great article. Persevere though the rats getting anti-inflammatories injected into their brains to the woman in Holland with Rheumatoid Arthritis (RA) who gets a vagal nerve “pacemaker” which renders her pain-free after having such a severe case of RA that all the medications were not helping. Then through discussion of how the vagus nerve is connected to inflammation. Then you can read about Barbara Frederikson’s research on vagal tone and meditation. If you are one of my friends who meditates and still has severe inflammatory disease and pain then I hope this work will give you hope.